Publications and Press Covers

Peer-reviewed, conference proceedings, popular articles and internal reports, (excludes clients’ confidential reports):

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Williamson, B, Fraser, S, Williamson, L, Nikora, V, and Scott, B (2019): Predictable changes in fish school characteristics due to a tidal turbine support structure. Renewable EnergyIn Press.
Todd, VLG, Williamson, LD, Cox, SE, Todd, IB, and Macreadie, PI (2019): Characterising the first-wave of fish and invertebrate colonisation on a new offshore petroleum platform. ICES Journal of Marine Science In Press
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Todd, VLG, and Williamson, LD (2019): Selection of foraging habitat by Daubenton’s bat (Myotis daubentonii), common pipistrelle (Pipistrellus pipistrellus), and soprano pipistrelle (P. pygmaeus) in a North Wales upland river catchment Ecology & Evolution In Press

Todd, VLG, Jiang, J, and Ruffert, M., R (2019): Potential audibility of three Acoustic Harassment Devices (AHDs) to marine mammals in Scotland, UK. International Journal of Acoustics and Vibration In Press

Ruffert, M, Todd, VLG, and Todd, IB (2019): Presentation of binning-based inter-click interval data from passive acoustic monitoring of free-ranging harbour porpoises (Phocoena phocoena). The International Journal of Acoustics and Vibration In Press
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Fowler, AM, Jørgensen, A-M, Svendsen, JC, Macreadie, PI, Jones, DO, Boon, AR, Booth, DJ, Brabant, R, Callahan, E, Claisse, JT, Dahlgren, TG, Degraer, S, Dokken, QR, Gill, AB, Johns, DG, Leewis, RJ, Lindeboom, HJ, Linden, O, May, R, Murk, AJ, Ottersen, G, Schroeder, DM, Shastri, SM, Teilmann, J, Todd, VLG, Van Hoey, G, Vanaverbeke, J, and Coolen, JW (2018): Environmental benefits of leaving offshore infrastructure in the ocean Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment.
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Victoria L.G. Todd, Edward W. Lavallin, Peter I. Macreadie (Accepted): Quantitative analysis of fish and invertebrate assemblage dynamics in association with a North Sea oil and gas installation complex. Marine Environmental Research. .
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Todd, VLG, and Waters, DA (2017): Small scale habitat preferences of Myotis daubentonii, Pipistrellus pipistrellus, and potential aerial prey in an upland river valley. Acta Chiropterologica 19, 255-272.
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Ford, B., Jiang, J, Todd, V, and Todd, I (2017): Measurements of underwater piling noise during nearshore windfarm construction in UK: potential impact on harbour porpoise (Phocoena phocoena) and compliance with German UBA limit: 24th International Congress on Sound and Vibration. London, UK..
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Todd V.L.G. (2016) Mitigation of underwater anthropogenic noise and marine mammals: the ‘death of a
thousand’cuts and/or mundane adjustment? Marine Pollution Bulletin 102, 1-3.
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Todd V.L.G., Warley J.C. & Todd I.B. (2016) Meals on wheels? A decade of megafaunal visual and
acoustic observations from offshore Oil & Gas rigs and platforms in the North and Irish Seas. PLoS One, 11(4): e0153320.Data available at
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Jiang J., Todd V.L.G., Gardiner J.C. and Todd I.B. (2015) Measurements of underwater conductor hammering
noise: compliance with the German UBA limit and relevance to the harbour porpoise (Phocoena phocoena). Euronoise 2015. Maastricht, The Netherlands Acoustical Society of the Netherlands (NAG) and Belgian Acoustical Society (ABAV). pp. 6.
Todd V.L.G., Gardiner J.C. and Todd I.B. (2015) Rigs-to-reefs and porpoises: Précis of evidence to support
leaving offshore installations in situ at the end of their operational lifetimes. Decommissioning of Offshore and Subsea Structures. Glasgow, UK: ASRANET Ltd. pp. 10.
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Decom North Sea (2015) Ocean Science Consulting. Decom News 19, 28
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Todd, V.L.G., Todd, I.B., Gardiner, J.C., and Morrin, E.C.N. (2015) Marine Mammal Observer and Passive
Acoustic Monitoring Handbook. Pelagic Publishing Ltd, UK. Available from Pelagic Publishing, NHBS, Amazon.
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Todd, V.L.G.., Todd, I.B., Gardiner, J.C., Morrin, E.C.N., MacPherson, N.A., DiMarzio, N.A., and Thomsen, F.
(2015) A review of impacts of marine dredging activities on marine mammals. ICES Journal of Marine Science, 72(2), 328-340
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Todd V.L.G. (2013) Rigs – to decommission or not to decommission? Marine Scientist, 43, 22-25
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OSC (2013) ‘Firm scales down marine noise’, East Lothian Buzz Magazine 16, 5.
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Todd V.L.G. & Morrin E.C.N. (2013) Celtic Sea Ring-billed Gull. Irish Birds, 9, 638-639.
Ruffert M., Todd I.B., Todd V.L.G. & Gardiner J. (2012) Diel analysis methodology for offshore porpoise
(Phocoena phocoena) echolocation using inter click intervals from PAM data. In: Proceedings of 11th European Conference on Underwater Acoustics (ECUA) (eds. by Popper A & Hawkins A). Institute of Acoustics, 2-6 July 2012, Edinburgh.
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Todd, V.L. G. Rigs as reefs in the North Sea. International Journal of Ocean Systems
November/December 2011. (
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Todd, V. L. G., and Grove, J. S. (2011): New fish records in the Galápagos islands,
SPRING 2011: Global Marine Environment, Journal of the Marine Biological Association.
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Hamalainen, K. (2010) Drilling for oil: How does the US extract natural resources from the ocean floor –
and is it worth the risks? Science World, 67, 8-12
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Todd, V.L.G. &Grove, J.S. First records of golden trevally (Gnathodon speciosus, Carangidae), sharp-tail mola
(Masturus lanceolatus, Molidae) and evidence for white shark (Carcharodon carcharias, Lamnidae) in the Galápagos Islands, Ecuador Marine Biodiversity Records 3, e104 (doi:10.1017/S1755267210000771).
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Todd, V.L.G. & White, P. R. Proximate measurements of acoustic emissions associated with the
installation and operation of an exploration jack-up drilling-rig in the North Sea. 2nd International Conference on the effects of noise on aquatic marine life, 15-20th August.
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Coghlan, A. (2009) Oil rigs may be fit for porpoise. New Scientist, 201, 8-9
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Hobbs, M. (2009) Wildlife reports – cetaceans. British Wildlife, 20.
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Rowe, M. (2009) ‘Rigs to reefs’ could help British wildlife. BBC Wildlife Magazine, 27, 40.
Todd, V.L.G. (cover story).Porpoises and rigs: an unforeseen dependency?
Mammal News, 155: 10-11. Download PDFDownload PDFDownload PDF
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Todd, V.L.G., Todd, I. B., and Tregenza, N. C. Diel echolocation activity of harbour porpoises
(Phocoena phocoena) around North Sea offshore gas installations: ICES Journal of Marine Science, 66: 734 – 745
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Todd, V.L.G., Todd, I. B., and Tregenza, N. C. Echolocation activity of harbour porpoises
(Phocoena phocoena) around an offshore gas production platform-drilling rig complex 8 pp. in: Proceedings of the Institute of Acoustics, Loughborough University, Loughborough, 31st March – 2nd April.
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Gordon, J., Thompson, D., Gillespie, D., Lonergan, M., Calderan, S., Jaffey, B., and Todd, V.
ABSTRACT: Acute risks to marine mammals from pile driving: an assessment of mitigation procedures, knowledge gaps and research requirements. International Scientific Meeting on Marine Renewable Energy and the Environment, London, June.
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Todd, V.L.G. & D.A. Waters. Strategy switching in the gaffing bat. Journal of Zoology, 273:
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Todd, V.L.G., Lepper, P.A. & Todd, I. B. Do porpoises target offshore installations as feeding stations?
60 pp. in: Improving Environmental Performance: A Challenge for the Oil Industry. Proceedings of the International Association of Drilling Contractors. Amsterdam, the Netherlands, April 3-4th.
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Todd, V.L.G. Tales from the Bush – ‘Northern delights’, BBC Wildlife magazine 25, 106.
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Gordon, J., Thompson, D., Gillespie, D., Lonergan, M., Calderan, S., Jaffey, B., and Todd, V.
Assessment of the potential for acoustic deterrents to mitigate the impact on marine mammals of underwater noise arising from the construction of offshore wind farms, pp. 68: A report commissioned by COWRIE Ltd., SMRU Ltd, 7 Woodburn Place, KY16 8LA, St Andrews, Fife, UK. July 2007.
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Todd, V.L.G. Galapagos gains, New Scientist 2581:25.
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Lepper, P.A., Turner, V.L.G., Goodson, A. D. & Black, K. D. Source levels and spectra emitted by
three commercial aquaculture anti-predation devices. Proceedings of the Seventh European conference on Underwater Acoustics, ECUA, Delft, the Netherlands, 5-8th July.
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Turner, V.L.G., S.M. Lynch, L. Paterson, J.L. León-Cortés & J.P. Thorpe. Aggression as a function of
genetic relatedness in the sea anemone Actinia equina (Anthozoa: Actiniaria). Marine Ecology Progress Series 247: 85-92.
Turner, V. L. G. Aspects of the ecology of Daubenton’s bat (Myotis daubentonii), the common pipistrelle
(Pipistrellus pipistrellus), the soprano pipistrelle (P. pygmaeus) and their potential prey in relation to altitude. Ph.D. Thesis (Ecology & Acoustics). Department of Biology (University of Leeds) Leeds, UK, p. 250.
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Turner, V. L. G., Waters, D. A., Altringham, J., and Warren, R. (2001): Habitat preferences of Daubenton’s
bats (Myotis daubentonii Kuhl 1819: Vespertilionidae) and their prey. In Z. Akbar (Ed.): 12th International Bat Research Conference, University Kebangsaan, Bangi, Malaysia. 6-8th August 2001.
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Turner, V.L.G. Killer whale facts. Mammalaction News 94: 5-6.
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Turner, V.L.G. Sexual segregation and differential habitat use by Daubenton’s bats (Myotis daubentonii)
in Wharfedale. National Trust Nature Conservation Newsletter 6: (1), 7-8.
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Turner, V.L.G. Tales from the Bush – “What Darwin Never Saw”. BBC Wildlife magazine 16: 84.
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Hamer, K.C. & Turner, V.L.G. The breeding ecology of kittiwakes (Rissa tridactyla) on Skomer Island:
the effects of the Sea Empress oil spill. The Island Naturalist 33: 3-5.
Turner, V. L. G. Underwater acoustics of the killer whale (Orcinus orca). M.Sc. thesis (Oceanography).
Southampton Oceanography Centre (The University of Southampton & Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution), Southampton, UK and Woods Hole, MA, p. 102.
Graner, F. & Turner, V.L.G. Songs of the Sea. Killer whale recordings from Arctic Norway (free cassette).
BBC Wildlife Magazine 12: (11).
Turner, V.L.G. Summary of current research into the interaction of cetaceans with non-passive gillnets,
with emphasis on the harbour porpoise (Phocoena phocoena). Report to the Gesellschaft zum Schutz der Meeresäugetiere.
Turner, V.L.G. Summary of the threats to small and large cetaceans in the Mediterranean and Black Sea.
Report to United Nations Environment Programme, Conservation of Migratory Species (UNEP/CMS) Internal Report.
Turner, V. L. G. Intraspecific and interspecific aggression in sea anemones of the British Isles.
B.Sc. (Hons) Thesis (Marine biology). Department of Evolution and Environmental Biology, Port Erin Marine Laboratory (University of Liverpool), Port Erin, the Isle of Man, UK, p. 125.